Tuesday, June 16, 2009

Selling VIX Puts Pre-Expiration

Selling naked puts on the VIX just prior to expiration can be a surprisingly low risk volatility play.

Normally, selling naked puts is a dangerous strategy because of the risk that negative news can overwhelm the underlying, causing it to gap down and create a large loss. With the VIX, however, spikes are almost always upward, because while threats to equities are relatively easy to identify, it is much more difficult to discern when these threats are suddenly extinguished.

For this reason – and because the VIX has lately shown some reluctance to drop below the recent floor of 27 – selling a naked put on the VIX is a lot less risky than selling naked puts on other securities. Risk to the down side is definitely limited, yet the limitations are not perfectly mathematically quantifiable.

A sale of the June 30 put illustrates one potential naked put sale opportunity. The profit and loss chart below outlines what the trade looks like. With yesterday’s closing price of 30.81, the trade is profitable if the VIX rises, drifts sideways or loses up to 1.61 prior to tomorrow's special opening quotation. The gain is $80 per contract. The profit and loss chart shows that a loss of $170 per contract occurs at 27.50. Assuming 27.00 is a floor in the VIX, then the maximum loss is likely to be capped at $220. While a 12.3% drop in the VIX in one day cannot be ruled out, it is obviously not a very likely scenario.

Reminder: VIX options expire on Wednesdays. The June VIX options expire June 17th this cycle. The last trading day for these options is today, Tuesday, June 16rd. (See the 2009 options expiration calendar for more the full 2009 options expiration schedule.)

[source: optionsXpress]

Disclosure: Neutral position in VIX via options at time of writing.

4 comments:

Anonymous said...

Dear Bill,

the VIXJune09 option series expires tomorrow, 16th of June according to the expiry calendar you linked in.

Best regards

Miklós Szappanos

Bill Luby said...

Thank you for catching that, Miklos. Bad oversight on my part.

I will make the correction in the original.

-Bill

Erik said...

Thanks for sharing....had never thought of that.

Great work

Anonymous said...

I actually put this trade on yesterday, before reading your post. It's a risky play without a doubt, but I couldn't believe that the June 30 puts were offering a bit under $1 of time premium for a day and a half to expiration! Incredible.

A couple notes:

- If you're conservative like me, you can use a vertical spread trade to cap your maximum loss. On Monday, I sold Jun 30 puts and bought an equal number of Jun 27's for a net credit of 80 cents, with a worst-case loss of $1.70. The $.15 I spent on the 27's eliminated any tail risk (admittedly low probability to begin with, but it helps me sleep at night...)

- Don't be fooled by using the wrong VIX underlying quote. According to ETrade, "Each month, eight days prior to expiration, the basis for the VIX index calculation "rolls forward" to include the options series for the approaching month. For instance, the June and July series will be used until the eighth day prior to the expiration of the June series. On that day, the VIX index calculation will roll forward to reflect the July and August series, and data for the June series will no longer be included." The correct underlying quote for the June expiration can be found at: http://www.cboe.com/DelayedQuote/SimpleQuote.aspx?ticker=VIX/M9

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